Last Supper

   On the eve of his arrest, Christ took his last meal with his apostles. Since on the occasion he declared that the wine they were consuming represented his blood and the bread his body, the event marks the institution of the Eucharist as a holy sacrament. It was also the moment when Christ announced to his disciples that one of them would betray him. In depictions of the scene, Judas, the one to give up Christ to the Roman authorities, is usually isolated from the rest of the figures. In Andrea del Castagno's Last Supper in the refectory of Sant' Apollonia, Florence (1447), Domenico del Ghirlandaio's in the refectory of the Church of Ognissanti, Florence (1480), and Tintoretto's at San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice (1592-1594), Judas is placed on the opposite side of the table, while in Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper (1497-1498) at Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan he clutches the money bag containing the 30 pieces of silver he was paid for his betrayal. Dirk Bouts (1464-1467; Lou-vain, Church of St. Pierre) chose to concentrate on the solemnity of the event rather than Judas' duplicity. Other Last Suppers include the versions by Pieter Coecke (1531; Brussels, Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts) and Francisco Ribalta (1606), this last painted for the College of Corpus Christi in Valencia, Spain.
   See also Last Supper, Refectory, Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan; Last Supper, San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Last Supper — n. the last supper eaten by Jesus with his disciples before the Crucifixion, as related in the New Testament …   English World dictionary

  • Last Supper — ► NOUN ▪ the supper eaten by Jesus and his disciples on the night before the Crucifixion …   English terms dictionary

  • Last Supper — For other uses, see The Last Supper (disambiguation). Depictions of the Last Supper in Christian art have been undertaken by artistic masters for centuries, Leonardo da Vinci s late 1490s mural painting in Milan, Italy, being perhaps the best… …   Wikipedia

  • Last Supper — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Last Supper – Die Henkersmahlzeit Originaltitel The Last Supper …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Last Supper — 1. the supper of Jesus and His disciples on the eve of His Crucifixion. Cf. Lord s Supper (def. 1). 2. a work of art representing this. 3. (italics.)The, a mural (1495 98) by Leonardo da Vinci. * * * ▪ Christianity also called  Lord s Supper,  … …   Universalium

  • Last Supper — Last′ Sup′per n. rel the supper of Jesus and His disciples on the eve of His Crucifixion Compare Lord s Supper 2) …   From formal English to slang

  • Last Supper — /last ˈsʌpə/ (say lahst supuh) noun Bible the supper of Jesus and the Apostles on the eve of the Crucifixion, at which he instituted the sacrament of the Lord s Supper …   Australian English dictionary

  • Last Supper — supper of Jesus and his apostles on the eve of his crucifixion …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Last Supper — Last Sup|per, the 1.) in the New Testament of the Bible, the meal eaten by Jesus and his twelve ↑disciples on the evening before he was crucified. Jesus gave everyone bread and wine, and the Christian ceremony of the ↑Eucharist is based on this… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Last Supper — noun the traditional Passover supper of Jesus with his disciples on the eve of his crucifixion • Syn: ↑Lord s Supper • Hypernyms: ↑Seder, ↑Passover supper …   Useful english dictionary

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